|Function:||Chairman of Business Angels Europe|
Poland among the leaders in gender equality on the labour market. The key role in bridging the gap between men’s and women’s earnings is played by start-ups
The earnings of women working in the same positions as men are lower, they are less willing to start their own companies and less often perform managerial roles. This is a global problem faced by the largest world economies. In Poland, despite the fact that managerial positions are in 40% occupied by women, their earnings are much lower than those of men. Together with the spreading popularity and significance of start-ups, it is easier for women to enter the labour market and find their way to sectors which previously were considered to be typically male. This is facilitated by the numerous competitions organised for women’s start-ups and a growing number of women performing the roles of business angels.
“The presence of women on the start-up market is growing, although the rate could still be higher. The critical time for women to take up the challenge is the age between 25 and 35. The major obstacle to be overcome are unequal opportunities in comparison to men, in particular in this crucial period of their lives,” Luigi Amati, told the Newseria Innowacje news agency during the InfoShare 2018 conference in Gdańsk.
In Iceland the authorities decided to deal with the problem of inequality on the job market in a quite radical way. At the beginning of this year a law was passed prohibiting any discrimination of employees, including with respect to gender. Companies employing more than 25 people are obligated to submit documents confirming that men and women working in the same positions receive equal earnings. If an audit shows that a given company does not have the required certificate, it will be charged with a high fine.
“There are many successful start-ups run by women. The trend is becoming increasingly discernible. The more women become business angels, the more investments will be made in companies managed by women. This is not to say that men who are business angels invest only in companies run by men, but a certain trend can be observed here,” the expert emphasised.
The Economist, the British daily, every year publishes the glass ceiling index, which is a ranking of countries specifying the degree of gender equality on the job market. In Poland 40 percent of managerial positions are taken by women, which makes Poland rank fourth, following the United States, Iceland and Hungary.
Despite that, disproportions in men's and women's earnings are still high. According to the Nationwide Earnings Survey in 2017 women earned by 19 percent less than men working in the same positions. What's more, 70 percent of entrepreneurs are not planning to introduce programmes to mitigate gender-related pay differences.
A Polish start-up intends to revolutionise the distribution of the press. The new subscription-based model is similar to that of Netflix.
Publico24 has created a model for the digital distribution of the press, based on subscriptions, resembling Netflix. Thanks to small transmitters installed in public places, readers with an app installed on their mobile phones can have unlimited access to their favourite papers or individual articles The service is free for readers, and the subscription cost is covered by businesspeople or owners of venues, for whom this is an opportunity to expand their range of services. The company is already working on providing access to the digital press for individual users based on monthly subscriptions.
Poles still use illegal software and watch pirated content. Companies are looking for now and attractive models of paying for content
Piracy is on the decline, but in Poland still nearly half of all the software in use is illegal. Private users use pirated software, as well as music and films from illegal sources, even more frequently, being oblivious of the associated risks. Combating piracy has many forms, which include tightening up the anti-piracy regulations. The examples of imposing greater restrictions show that piracy is growing even more quickly.
Warsaw to see almost PLN 3.2 bn in investment spend this year. Most of this money will be allocated for transport, roads, and culture
This year, Warsaw is planning to spend more than PLN 3.2 bn on investment. A portion of these funds will be allocated to patch up Warsaw’s shortcomings in transport. The efforts will focus on the extension of the municipal transport system, including Line 2 of the Metro. A substantial amount of funds will be allocated for the extension of the educational and social infrastructure, as well as culture – including in particular Sinfonia Varsovia’s concert hall, the Museum of Modern Art and the Teatr Rozmaitości theatre. Warsaw’s authorities will also prioritise the fight against high emissions, including by getting rid of “dirty” stoves.